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Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Sheryl L. Boblin, Sandra Ireland, Helen Kirkpatrick, and Kim Robertson. "Cases seldom exist alone. Additionally, case studies can be qualitative and/or quantitative. 156). Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. When methods were described, they followed the principles of Yin; researchers paid less attention to the equally important work of Stake. Case studies. Instrumental case study: A case study is instrumental "...if a particular case is examined mainly to provide insight into an issue or to redraw a generalization (p. ", Knowledge Transfer From Researcher to Reader, During reading, the reader unconsciously connects the case to previous cases in order to compare and generalize. Cases cannot be too broad. It is from Chapter 3, Qualitative Case Study Reseaarch in the book Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation by Sharan B. Merriam. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. He has been active in the program evaluation profession and has promoted an approach to evaluation methods called "responsive evaluation." "Qualitative researchers are guests in the private spaces of the world. The use of the PARIHS framework in implementation research and practic... "It gets people through the door": a qualitative case study of the use... Ireland, S., Kirkpatrick, H., Boblin, S., Robertson, K. (, Kitson, A. L., Rycroft-Malone, J., Harvey, G., McCormack, B., Seers, K., Titchen, A. If there's one, there surely are more somewhere (p. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. The Art of Case Study Research by Robert Stake (1995) 1. It can be used in both quantitative and qualitative studies. The method requires integrated, holistic comprehension of the case, but in the larger studies, no one individual can handle the complexity (p. 175 pp. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. (Along with Yin's books). Stake, R. E. (2005). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. The researcher decides what and how the (case) story is told: "More will be pursued than was volunteered. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Stake's advancement of a typology of case study research ("iterative", "instrumental", and "collective") is useful, as is his insistence on the value of case study research from a qualitative perspective. The art of case study research: Stake, Robert E. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage. Click the button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content. 21 – January 2006 . Selecting phenomena, themes, or issues - that is, the research questions - to emphasize; 3. The The Art Of Case Study Research is an adequate introduction to Robert Stake's approach to case study research, and is a well-respected and seminal text in the field. 134 - 164). Stake, R. (2003). "Qualitative study capitalizes on ordinary ways of making sense (p. The conceptual structure of case study is thematic and the research questions should reflect this structure. 1, Art. A case study is depicted as a phenomenon of some sort occurring in a bounded context (Miles &Huberman 1994). Access to society journal content varies across our titles. 136)." Collective case study is the study of multiple cases to understand a phenomenon. SAGE, Apr 5, 1995 - Education - 175 pages. Case studies are a common way to do qualitative inquiry. It is the preferred line in the social sciences. They are specific and bounded. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Case studies, as a form of qualitative research are contextually based, which cannot and should not be avoided. View or download all the content the society has access to. $23.50 (paperback). Qualitative case study was developed to study the experience of real cases operating in real situations. The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research, Third Edition, represents the state of art for the theory and practice of qualitative inquiry. 155). Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four). Qualitative Case Studies. Case study research is neither new nor essentially qualitative. Robert E. Stake. Cases cannot be too broad. A case study is a common research design choice for graduate students conducting qualitative research. 147). Sage Publications Ltd. Abstract. (, Wallin, L., Profetto-McGrath, J., Levers, M. J. Furthermore Yin, (2003) define case method is a research design that is often guided by a framework and is useful to investigate a complex contemporary phenomenon using multiple data sources. Despite being one of the most frequently used qualitative research methodologies in educational research, the methodologists do not have a full consensus on the design and … 72)." In 1975, he became director of CIRCE. (ISBN 0-8039-5767-X) ", ""The conceptions of most naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological case studies need accurate description and subjective, yet disciplined, interpretation; a respect and curiosity for culturally different perceptions of phenomena; and empathic representation of local settings - all blending (perhaps clumped) within a constructivist epistemology (p. The posting below looks at, as the title suggests, the strengths and limitations of case studies research. (pp. Yin’s research is postpositivist whereas Stake’s is constructivist. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Purpose. Case studies are a popular research method in business area. R O B E R T E . Implementing nursing practice guidelines: A complex undertaking. To select a case, identify attributes of interest first. Intrinsic and Instrumental Interest in Cases, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, EDU105, Tampa, FL 33620  |  rebeccaburns@usf.edu, 20002009, 2003, DenzinN, history of qualitative research, interpretation, interpretive research, LincolnY, qualitative research, qualitative vs quantitative, research, research design, research methods, research strategies, research traditions, 20002009, 2008, CorbinJ, data analysis, methodology, methods, qualitative research, research, research methodology, research methods, StraussA. 140).". Thus, the philosophical assumptions they used to guide their work were different. Selecting alternative interpretations to pursue; 6. "People find in case reports certain insights into the human condition, even while being well aware of the atypicality of the case. Another contribution Stake explored and emphasized was the initiation of the two different types of case studies: “for intrinsic case study, case is dominant; the case is of highest importance. Selection should ensure variety without compromising. Seeking patterns of data to develop the issues; 4. Their manners should be good and their code of ethics strict (p. ), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. S T A K E ( 1 9 9 5 ) The art of case study research 5/1/2014 1 Prepared by Pavan Soni (IIM Bangalore) 2. When methods were described, they followed the principles of Yin; researchers paid less attention to the equally important work of Stake. By continuing to browse Stake is well-known for his work in the area of case study research, and this book is a "must have" if you are interested in doing case study research. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. It is quite likely, as Stake (1994) points out, that researchers doing case study research are calling it … If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Cases have patterns. Using Stake’s Qualitative Case Study Approach to Explore Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice, www.cno.org/learn-about-standards-guidelines/educational-tools/learning-modules/restraints/, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1089059/, http://rnao.ca/bpg/guidelines/prevention-falls-and-fall-injuries-older-adult. Stake’s instrumental and collective case study types as well as Yin’s case study designs (i.e., types 1-4), with their emphasis on projecting case study results to something outside the case (i.e., a theory or phenomenon), are classified as external case study designs because the researcher’s primary focus is on extending the outcomes beyond the specific cases(s). According to Baxter and Jack (2010) qualitative case study is an approach to research that facilitates exploration of a phenomenon within its context using a variety of data sources. An instrumental case study takes a supportive role to deepen our understanding of a larger issue. 435-453). The focus is understanding the complexity of the case. Less will be reported than was learned (p. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. (, Rycroft-Malone, J., Seers, K., Titchen, A., Harvey, G., Kitson, A., McCormack, B. Comparison can detract from the case's particularity. Case study researchers should at least be familiar with Robert Stake and this text. qualitative case study research and concludes with the strengths and limitations associated with this form of empirical inquiry. The nature of case study does not lend itself to generalizability unless it is a collective case study. While having a disciplined approach to the process and acknowledging that case study can use quantitative methods, STAKE's approach is underpinned by a strong motivation for discovering meaning and understanding of experiences in context. 149). Sharing links are not available for this article. 134 - 164). Bounding the case, conceptualizing the object of study; 2. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? External political forces, such as funding agencies, audience, and promotion, influenced the amount included in the telling. 144).". According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three … Unlike the other approaches we discuss, case study research does not emerge from a particular social scientific tradition. Case study research is neither new nor essentially qualitative. Case study methodology has long been a contested terrain in social sciences research which is characterized by varying, sometimes opposing, approaches espoused by many research methodologists. Abstract: This paper aims at exploring and discussing the possibilities of applying qualitative content analysis as a (text) interpretation method in case study research. Atypicality trumps typicality because the opportunity to learn is greater than the tie to representativeness. Concurrent application of their methods did not take into account differences in the philosophies of these two case study researchers. The purpose of triangulation in qualitative … Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. He took up a qualitative perspective, particularly case study methods, in order to represent the personal experience and complexity of evaluation study. 136).". (, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario . Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Arranging for what educationists call discovery learning, the researcher provides material for readers to learn, on their own, things the teacher does not know as well as those he or she does know (p. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. Volume 7, No. Intrinsic case study: A case study is intrinsic "...if it is undertaken because, first and last, the researcher wants better understanding of this particular case (p. Built on the foundations of the landmark First and Second Editions (1994, 2000), the Third Edition moves qualitative research boldly into the 21st century. The Art of Case Study Research. ", "When the case is too large for one researcher to know well or for a collective case study, teaming is an important option. They may be too quick to accept the insight. Stake does not provide a very specific step-by-step method, as seen in Yin's style. Unique in his approach and style, Robert E. Stake draws from naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological, and biographic methods to present a disciplined, qualitative exploration of case study methods. A case must be understood, and it is this necessity to understand that determines the amount included in the telling. Stake, R. (2003). Login failed. ", "Their designs aim the inquiry toward understanding of what is important about that case within its own world, which is seldom the same as the worlds of researchers and theorists (p. In the book The Art of Case Studies, Robert E. Stake (1995) defines case study as “the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances” (p. xi). Developing assertions or generalizations about the case (p. What counts as evidence in evidence-based practice? 151).". "The major conceptual responsibilities of the qualitative case researcher are as follows: 1. Two ways to tell or teach a case: "Teaching didactically, the researcher teaches what he or she has learned. KEywoRdS Case Study Research, CAQDAS, Phenomenological Case Study, Qualitative Case Study Research INTRodUCTIoN Case study, as a “distinctive form of empirical inquiry,” (Yin, 2014, p. 19) is a popular and prevalent 145). STAKE (1995, 2006) has an approach to case study research that is qualitative and closely aligned with a constructivist and interpretivist orientation. Case Studies. Introducing Evidence Through Research “Push”: Using Theory and Qualitative Methods. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Acknowledging multiple realities in qualitative case studies, as is now commonly done, involves discerning the various perspectives of the researcher, the case/participant, and others, which … I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. When Stake’s methods were acknowledged, researchers frequently used them along with Yin’s. Like other qualitative research methods, case studies … Merriam's Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education(1998), and Robert E. Stake's The Art of Case Study Research (1995). ", "Case studies are of value for refining theory and suggesting complexities for further investigation, as well as helping to establish the limits of generalizability (p. (pp. Identification of the Case. the art of case study research Oct 06, 2020 Posted By J. K. Rowling Media TEXT ID 1308c6b3 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library The Art Of Case Study Research INTRODUCTION : #1 The Art Of # Book The Art Of Case Study Research # Uploaded By J. K. Rowling, the the art of case study research is an adequate introduction to robert stakes approach to case study The selected case should contain a balance between typicality and opportunity to learn. Qualitative case study methodology in nursing research: An integrative review, The use of focus groups in clinical research, Determining validity in qualitative inquiry, The real world journey of implementing fall prevention best practices in three acute care hospitals: A case study, Enabling the implementation of evidence-based practice: A conceptual framework, Evaluating the successful implementation of evidence into practice using the PARiHS framework: Theoretical and practical challenges, Incorporating documents into qualitative nursing research, Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis. When methods were described, they followed the principles of Yin; researchers paid less attention to the equally important work of Stake. Triangulating key observations and bases for interpretation; 5. The case has an inside and an outside. Stake Case Studies in Qualitative Inquiry. To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access. "...each case study is a concentrated inquiry into a single case (p. Lean Library can solve it. Both are … ), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (2nd Ed.) Florian Kohlbacher. It is a method-appropriate strategy of founding the credibility of qualitative analyses. Revised and Expanded from Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education. The uniqueness of case method lies in the focus of the study on the case (Stake, 1998). (. We focus on our decisions and their congruence with Stake’s recommendations, embed our decisions within the context of researching this phenomenon, describe rationale for our decisions, and present lessons learned. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. First, Yin, Merriam and Stake … ". If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. In this article we describe how we used Stake’s approach to explore the implementation of a falls-prevention best-practice guideline. ), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (2nd Ed.) I selected these three methodologists and their particular books for the following reasons. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. A case study is a common framework for conducting qualitative research (Stake, 2000). "Readers with intrinsic interest in the case learn more of it directly from the description, not ignoring comparisons with other cases but not concentrating on comparisons (p. Stake, R. E. (2000). ), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (p. 443–466). Although the use of qualitative case study research has increased during the past decade, researchers have primarily reported on their findings, with less attention given to methods. The case researcher needs to provide grounds for validating both the observation and generalization (p. Certain components lie with­ in the system, within the boundaries of the case; certain features lie outside. Cases have patterns. The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research. They are specific and bounded. 72)." The motivation is personal. Case study designs tend to not be as laborious and time consuming as ethnography or grounded theory, and they are robust enough to help researchers address many different types of research questions. Case studies are a common way to do qualitative inquiry. Since the goal of case study is to seek particularity: "The search for particularity competes with the search for generalizability (p. 154).". For instrumental case study, issue is dominant; we start and end with issues dominant” (Stake, 1995, p. 16). "...they (researchers) have certain protocols that help them draw systematically from previous knowledge and cut down on misperception. It becomes an alternative to traditional criteria like reliability and validity. ", Naturalistic generalization: "Enduring meanings come from encounter, and are modified and reinforced by repeated encounter (p. The Art of Case Study Research-Robert E. Stake 1995-04-05 This book presents a disciplined, qualitative exploration of case study methods by drawing from naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological and biographic research methods. Although the use of qualitative case study research has increased during the past decade, researchers have primarily reported on their findings, with less attention given to methods. 140). 145). 9 Reviews. 137)." The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Abstract Although the use of qualitative case study research has increased during the past decade, researchers have primarily reported on their findings, with less attention given to methods. In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. Emergence. 147).". This site uses cookies. 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