qualitative descriptive case study
Qualitative description (QD) is a term that is widely used to describe qualitative studies of health care and nursing-related phenomena. ). 2020 Nov 10;6(12):e626. Transplant Direct. Student and educator experiences of maternal-child simulation-based learning: a systematic review of qualitative evidence protocol. Surveys. doi: 10.1097/TXD.0000000000001068. Don’t forget that analysis of any case study should be based on opinion more than on statistics. Descriptive qualitative research design is utilized in various fields like health care, psychology, nursing, ... rather than examining relationships or associations, is classified as a descriptive study. Data Collection, Data Collection, Research Design, Research Design Selection NLM eCollection 2020. 1,421 Views. 2020 Oct 20;11:588667. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.588667. For example, in health care the researcher gathers information from a selected respondents about a diet plan or a diabetes medicine etc. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. seven While, these questions are answered in causal, explanatory, or exploratory studies. Authors should be clear about what results had been achieved in the timeframe of the case and what results were not yet known. Your email address will not be published. Qualitative Case Study Research as Empirical Inquiry Andrea D. Ellinger, Department of Human Resource Development, The University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, ... interpretive, or evaluative case studies. Analysis and Evaluation | | Required fields are marked *, Please Answer * First, although there were some inconsistencies, most articles included characteristics consistent with the limited available QD definitions and descriptions. Abstract: Educators in the Cayman Islands are struggling to effectively integrate technology in the classroom. Based on these findings, recommendations include encouragement to researchers to provide as many details as possible regarding the methods of their QD studies so that readers can determine whether the methods used were reasonable and effective in producing useful findings. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. There are different types of qualitative research methods like an in-depth interview, focus groups, ethnographic research, content analysis, case study research that are usually used. Quantitative research: Since this analysis often deals with numerical values, collecting appropriate quantifiable information is absolutely necessary. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. A descriptive study attempts systematically to describe a situation, problem, phenomenon, service or programme, or provides information about, say, the living conditions of a community, or describes attitudes towards an issue”. Leave a comment COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. What is a descriptive qualitative research design? Tags descriptive qualitative research descriptive research qualitative research, Purposeful sampling is a non-random sampling technique that utilizes a specific criteria or purpose to …, Your email address will not be published. However, case studies should not be used to determine cause and effect as they can’t make accurate predictions because there could be a bias on the researcher’s part. Some argue that because a case study is such a narrow field that its results cannot be extrapolated to fit an entire question and that they show only one narrow example. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. eCollection 2020 Dec. Kululanga LI, Kadango A, Lungu G, Jere D, Ngwale M, Kumbani LC. Moreover, “descriptive studies may be characterised as simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what is, while analytical research attempts to establish why it is that way or how it came to be”. A case study approach “enables an in-depth investigation of one phenomenon within a single entity” (Polit and Beck, 2014, p. 235 Mazuru Grace: an informative document. display: none !important; While documenting exciting cases, you will enrich the text. The major difference between exploratory and descriptive research is that Exploratory research is one which aims at providing insights into and comprehension of the problem faced by the researcher. As such, the association of case study analysis with a qualitative approach is a “methodological affinity, not a definitional requirement” (Gerring, 2006a: 36). Case study contributes to qualitative research whereas descriptive approach contributes to quantitative research. A qualitative descriptive case study method was used to examine the importance of multicultural competencies in providing international practical placements in health and social care in five partner countries. ... You may use three main tools for descriptive research analysis: Case studies, survey research, and observational methods. This question and the other answers you are getting are going to be a bit confusing, because the term “single case study” refers to two different study designs, one qualitative and one quantitative. − Adegbola SO, Dibley L, Sahnan K, Wade T, Verjee A, Sawyer R, Mannick S, McCluskey D, Yassin N, Phillips RKS, Tozer PJ, Norton C, Hart AL. Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four). PDF | On Feb 26, 2015, Hossein Nassaji published Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. It can relate to a historical event like a war that took place sometime and somewhere in the past. The phenomenon can relate to some current situation as well. Quantitative designs can be experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, or correlational. Descriptive research is usually defined as a type of quantitative research, though qualitative research can also be used for descriptive purposes.The research design should be carefully developed to ensure that the results are valid and reliable.. As the name suggests this type of research describes the phenomenon it does not inquire about the questions like “how” and “why”. 2010 May;14(25):iii-iv, ix-xii, 1-107. doi: 10.3310/hta14250. After leaving a field site, a qualitative descriptive researcher compiles the data gathered during the field research into a case study report. 2018 Dec;24(1):9-18. doi: 10.1080/13814788.2017.1375091. Qualitative research methods are ways of investigating a topic to gain a deeper understanding and generate new theories and ideas. Program of study: Ed.D. MacKinnon K, Marcellus L, Rivers J, Gordon C, Ryan M, Butcher D. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015 Jan;13(1):14-26. doi: 10.11124/jbisrir-2015-1694. Later the researcher uses this information to formulate questionnaire or conduct experiments. Pp-334. In this systematic review, we identified characteristics of methods and findings reported in research articles published in 2014 whose authors identified the work as QD. Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research. The description should be factual and avoid judgment. USA.gov. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. }. Next, flexibility or variability of methods was common and effective for obtaining rich data and achieving understanding of a phenomenon. Acknowledging multiple realities in qualitative case studies, as is now commonly done, involves discerning the various perspectives of the researcher, the case/participant, and others, which … After searching and screening, data were extracted from the sample of 55 QD articles and examined to characterize research objectives, design justification, theoretical/philosophical frameworks, sampling and sample size, data collection and sources, data analysis, and presentation of findings. A common feature of descriptive cases in land policy is the long timeline of results. qualitative description; qualitative research; systematic review. Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable. 2020 Oct 22;7:2054358120954028. doi: 10.1177/2054358120954028. Qualitative description is another name for this research design. Descriptive case studies present detailed description of the phenomenon and are not typically guided by established or hypothesized generalizations. Chilcott J, Tappenden P, Rawdin A, Johnson M, Kaltenthaler E, Paisley S, Papaioannou D, Shippam A. The thematic analysis in this paper uses a descriptive approach with focus on lived experience, which refers to our experiences of the world.
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